Focus 7: Energy


Energy plays a critical role in economic growth and social development. Ensuring access to affordable, modern and reliable energy resources for all is also important for poverty eradication, women's empowerment, and provision of basic services. Some areas that could be considered include:

  1. ensuring universal access, for both women and men, to modern energy services;

  2. deployment of cleaner, including low- or zero-emissions energy technologies;

  3. increasing the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix, including by providing policy space and necessary incentives for renewable energy;

  4. improving energy efficiency in buildings, industry, agriculture and transport;

  5. phasing out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption;

  6. building capacity and transferring modern energy technologies;

  7. mobilizing finance to invest in modern energy infrastructure;

  8. sharing knowledge and experience on appropriate regulatory frameworks and enabling environments;

  9. promoting partnerships on sustainable energy; and

  10. appropriate means of implementation*.


  • Access to safe, affordable and reliable energy is a pre-requisite for growth and poverty eradication. Universal access to modern energy services enjoys broad support as target, including electricity and clean cooking fuels where benefits accrue especially to women and children.

  • Energy is an enabler for development and is linked to all dimensions of sustainable development. There is no significant trade-off between providing modern energy access to the poor and greenhouse gas mitigation. Additional costs of de-carbonization must not be borne by the poor.

  • Global energy demand will continue to grow with economic development. During a low-carbon energy transition expected to take decades, renewable energy will continue to be integrated with traditional energy sources, including fossil fuels. There is no one-size-fits-all; degrees of freedom exist in charting the transition to a sustainable energy development path.

  • An accessible pool of affordable technologies can support the energy transition and address the challenge of climate change, benefiting from increased investment and international cooperation in conjunction with supportive financing and an enabling policy and regulatory environment.

  • Renewable energy is becoming an integral part of the energy system in a growing number of countries. Renewable energy costs are declining steeply but remain a challenge.

  • Energy efficiency and conservation are critical components of sustainable energy.

  • The penetration of renewable energy has proceeded fastest where a developed energy infrastructure is in place but mini-grid technology holds promise for decentralized solutions.

  • The Sustainable Energy for All initiative contains ambitious but feasible targets for universal energy access, for renewable energy and for energy efficiency.

The above was taken from the United Nations Sustainability web site:


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