Global Partnership

Focus 18: Means of Implementation/Global Partnership for Sustainable Development


The means of implementation are an integral component in achieving sustainable development, including trade, financing for sustainable development, capacity building, and development and transfer of environmentally sound technologies. In this regard global partnership for development has been emphasized as key to unlocking the full potential of sustainable development initiatives. While developing countries still require external support for their domestic sustainable development programmes, their own domestic actions are equally crucial. Special consideration should be given to the needs of countries in special situations, African countries, LDCs, LLDCs, and SIDS as well as specific challenges facing the middle-income countries. International development cooperation through a strengthened global partnership for sustainable development is critical. 
Some areas that could be considered include:

  1. further progress on development-supportive trade reforms within an open, rules-based multilateral trading system;

  2. recommitment by developed countries to meet ODA targets on an agreed timetable;

  3. enhancing accountability in development cooperation based on agreed principles;

  4. mobilizing additional financial resources from multiple sources such as remittances, foreign direct investment, institutional and other long-term investors and innovative financing;

  5. reducing the transaction costs of remittances;

  6. enhancing scientific and technological cooperation involving developing countries and technology transfer to developing countries;

  7. strengthening capacity building efforts for developing countries and knowledge sharing and technical cooperation among all countries through South-South, North-South and triangular cooperation;

  8. strengthening capacities for tax-collection, reducing tax evasion;

  9. strengthening systems of domestic savings;

  10. reducing illicit financial flows;

  11. improving efficiency of public spending, reducing corruption;

  12. strengthening capacities for disaggregated and expanded data collection for measuring progress; and

  13. regular monitoring and reporting of progress with means of implementation and aid efficiency, in conjunction with SDG progress reporting.

To provide impetus to Global Partnership for Sustainable Development and broader stakeholder engagement in sustainable development, some areas that could be considered include:

  1. greater involvement of public and private sector business and industry, including financial institutions;

  2. strengthening commitment and involvement of multilateral financial development institutions;

  3. enhanced involvement of philanthropic organizations;

  4. creating inclusive initiatives and partnerships in support of all areas;

  5. such initiatives and partnerships to develop resource mobilization strategies;

  6. system of regular monitoring, reporting on achievements of initiatives and partnerships; and

  7. close coordination and cooperation of multi-stakeholder initiatives and partnerships with government and inter-governmental efforts in support of sustainable development.


  • A strengthened and more Global Partnership is required for the implementation of the SDGs. The partnership should be equitable, inclusive, with mutual accountability and a fair sharing of responsibilities.

  • The Global Partnership needs to have a strong accountability mechanism or mechanisms for all. Measuring of results, transparency, good governance and democratic decision-making at all levels should underlie the global partnership.

  • There were calls but not consensus that the Partnership should be based on the Rio principles, including that of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.

  • Business should be part of the solution, but business can rally more easily behind specific, measurable and achievable goals and targets. The contribution of the private sector can be enhanced with better governance and appropriate regulation; there is a need for greater private sector uptake of sustainability reporting.

  • There is considerable potential to expand multi-stakeholder partnerships, including in support of specific goals. Governments play the key role in building an enabling environment for such partnerships.

The above was taken from the United Nations Sustainability web site:

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