Means of Implementation

SDG Means of Implementation

The following was taken from the notes of the Open Working Group number 6:

  • Means of implementation are crucial for the achievement of sustainable development. Science, technology and innovation are drivers of social and economic development and have potential to be a game changer for all countries’ efforts to achieve sustainable development. There was a call for means of implementation to be integrated into the framework of the goals.

  • Domestic resource mobilization is a critical element of public financing, but is reliant on growth. Public and private sources are both essential, though their relative importance differs across countries, and they should complement one another. There is a need to enhance revenue collection and combat illicit financial flows.

  • It was reaffirmed that ODA remains an essential source of financing, especially for LDCs; it was emphasized that we should be “talking aid up, not down”. In this context, there were calls for more strategic and catalytic use of ODA to leverage other flows.

  • The need to honour previous commitments, in particular the target of 0.7 per cent of GNI (.15- .20 for LDCs), was emphasized. Alongside ODA, other sources of financing – including foreign direct investment, remittances and innovative financing – play an increasingly important complementary role.

  • The need to ensure that debt levels do not become an unsustainable burden on countries was recognized.

  • South-South and triangular cooperation are growing in importance; they can complement but not replace North-South cooperation.

  • Many stressed the need to bridge a persistent technology divide between developed and developing countries, bearing mind also the necessity of involving women and other affected groups in decisions relating to tech development and deployment. Technology transfer goes beyond the acquisition of technology to include capacity development, local productive capacity, and supportive institutions.

  • Facilitating access to technologies in public domain was emphasized; also, ensuring a conducive environment for trade and investment, as channels for cross-border technology flows.

  • The decision to carry out a feasibility study for a technology bank for LDCs was welcomed; the proposal to establish a technology facilitation mechanism was widely supported but enjoys no consensus.

  • A rules-based, equitable, multi-lateral trade system is an important part of the international enabling environment. In this regard, the recent WTO agreement reached on 7 December in Bali was welcomed. The need to expand aid for trade facilitation was noted.

  • Progress must be measured, which requires further improvement in data availability and statistical capabilities, including the ability to produce gender-sensitive indicators.

  • Migration can contribute to sustainable development, including through knowledge sharing; many stated that migration and human mobility should be integrated into SDGs framework.

  • There was a call for coherence and convergence but not duplication of relevant processes, including the OWG on SDGs and the intergovernmental expert committee on financing for sustainable development.

The above was taken from the United Nations Sustainability web site:

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