Focus 1: Poverty Eradication
Eradication of poverty in all its multi-dimensional forms remains the overriding priority and a necessary condition for sustainable development. The pursuit of this is critical to realizing the unfinished business of the MDGs. Some areas that could be considered include:
eradicating absolute poverty;
reducing relative poverty;
providing social protection and social protection floors as relevant to reduce vulnerabilities of the poor, including children, youth, the unemployed, migrants, persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples, and older persons;
access to property and productive assets, including associated rights, finance and markets for all women and men;
addressing inequalities at both national and international levels;
pursuing sustained and inclusive economic growth;
developing and using evidence-based, high quality, timely, disaggregated data and impartial, internationally established methods for evaluating progress; and
appropriate means of implementation*.
Results from OWG Focus 1 - Poverty eradication
• Poverty eradication remains the overriding objective of the international community and is absolutely essential as foundation for sustainable development.
• Eradicating extreme poverty is an essential goal. There was no broad consensus on what poverty measure to use -- $1.25/day or possibly higher could be one measure of income poverty. The possibility of an index which would bring out the multidimensional aspects of poverty was also emphasized.
• The World Bank has issued a new vision paper which spells out what it considers a feasible yet ambitious target: reducing the percentage of people living on less than US$ 1.25 a day to 3 percent by 2030.
• To address inequality, the WB proposes a goal for shared prosperity and a target to promote the income growth of the bottom 40 percent of the population in every country.
• Poverty is multidimensional: it was broadly agreed that poverty eradication must address the other dimensions beyond $1.25/day income or consumption, including hunger and malnutrition, inadequate health care and education, very few productive assets, and little or no access to safe drinking water, sanitation, modern energy services.
• Poverty eradication needs to be a stand-alone goal in the SDGs, and it should also inform our approach to all relevant goals, asking how their achievement would benefit the poor and/or how the particular concerns of the poor can be addressed through specific targets.
• It was suggested that in a sustainable development context poverty eradication can be seen in relation to the three dimensions – in terms of access to essential social goods and services (health, education, water and sanitation), access to economic opportunities and productive assets, and access to natural assets, or resources, and their benefits.
The above was taken from the United Nations Sustainability web site: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?menu=1300