Water and Sanitation

Focus 6: Water and Sanitation


For a water-secure world and for the realization of the right to safe drinking water and sanitation, the whole water cycle has to be taken into consideration to tackle water-related challenges. Some areas that could be considered include:

  1. ensuring access to safe and affordable drinking water and adequate sanitation for all, especially for women and girls, including in households, schools, health facilities, workplaces and refugee camps;

  2. providing adequate facilities and infrastructure, both built and natural, for safe drinking water and sanitation systems in all areas;

  3. extending wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse;

  4. improving water-use efficiency;

  5. bringing fresh water extraction in line with sustainable supply;

  6. enhancing effective water governance including catchment area based integrated water resources management and appropriate trans-boundary co-operation;

  7. expanding water-related vocational training at all levels;

  8. protecting and restoring water-linked ecosystems like mountains, watersheds and wetlands;

  9. eliminating the pollution and dumping of toxic materials in water bodies, and protecting aquifers;

  10. eliminating of invasive alien species in water bodies;

  11. investing in water harvesting technologies;

  12. reducing risks and impacts of water-related disasters; and

  13. appropriate means of implementation*.


Water and sanitation

• Water is at the core of sustainable development. Water and sanitation are central to the achievement

of many development goals, including agriculture, health and education.

• Universal access would greatly reduce the burden of disease in many developing countries, especially

in reducing child mortality. Need to attain universal coverage of safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in an ambitious timeframe.

• Water resources also play a vital role in economic growth and poverty eradication. The importance of

transboundary water management was underscored.

• Addressing water effectively must encompass access, water quantity and quality, improved governance frameworks, infrastructure and technology, and water efficiency. Better preparedness for

hydrological extremes will be essential to improve resilience to natural disasters.

• Need investment in, and access to, appropriate technologies for water treatment, recycling and re-use.

• Sustainable, integrated management of watersheds, wetland

The above was taken from the United Nations Sustainability web site: http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?menu=1300

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