SDG Updates in 2014

SDG Updates in 2014

In the first quarter of 2014, the UN's Open Working Groups (OWGs), responsible for drafting the SDGs, finalized their working draft of the SDGs.  They narrowed the list of SDGs from 20 to the following 17.  Included with each goal, there are a list of specific targets (Sustainable Development Targets - SDTs) which will be used to track the progress being made towards these goals between 2015 and 2030. 

These 17 goals have been divided into six Elements to make them easier for people to identify so that engagement will be easier.  The six Elements are Dignity; People; Planet; Prosperity; Justice; and Partnership.  

The following list comes from Jan Goossenaerts and his site at Actor Atlas at http://www.actor-atlas.info/role-list:sdgs

Goals and Targets  (SDT = Sustainable Development Target)

1.           End poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

SDT 01.01 – by 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day

SDT 01.02 – by 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.

SDT 01.03 – implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable.

SDT 01.04 – by 2030 ensure that all men and women, particularly the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership, and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology, and financial services including microfinance

SDT 01.05 – by 2030 build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations, and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters

SDT 01.a – ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular LDCs, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions

SDT 01.b –  create sound policy frameworks, at national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies to support accelerated investments in poverty eradication actions

2.           End hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

SDT 02.01  - By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations including infants, to safe,nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

SDT 02.02 – By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving by 2025 the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under five years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women, and older persons.

SDT 02.03 – By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and the incomes of small-scale food producers, particularly women, indigenous peoples, family famrers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets, and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

SDT 02.04 – By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters, and that progressively improve land and soil quality

SDT 02.05 – By 202, maintain genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild spec ies, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at national, regional and international levels, and ensure access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge as internationally agreed

SDT 02.a – Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development, and plant and livestock gene banks to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular in least developed countries

SDT 02.b – Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets including by the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round

SDT 02.c – Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives, and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility

3.           Sustainable health

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

SDT 03.01 - by 2030 reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

SDT 03.02 - by 2030 end preventable deaths of newborns and under-five children

SDT 03.03 – by 2030 end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases, and other communicable diseases

SDT 03.04 – by 2030 reduce by one-third pre-mature mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) through prevention and treatment, and promote mental health and wellbeing

SDT 03.05 – strengthen prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol

SDT 03.06 – By 2020, halve global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents

SDT 03.07 – by 2030 ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes

SDT 03.08 – Achieve universal health coverage (UHC) including financial risk protections, access to quality essential health care,

SDT 03.09 – by 2030 substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water, and soil pollution and contamination

SDT 03.a – Strengthen implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries as appropriate.

SDT 03.b – support research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the TRIPS agreement regarding flexibilities to protect public health and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all

SDT 03.c – increase substantially health financing and the recruitment, development and training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in LDCs and SIDS

SDT 03.d – strengthen the capacity of all countries, particularly developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction, and management of national and global health risks

4.           Sustainable education

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all

SDT 04.01 – by 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes

SDT 04.02 – by 2030 ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education

SDT 04.03 – by 2030 ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university

SDT 04.04 –  by 2030, increase by x% the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship

SDT 04.05 – by 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples, and children in vulnerable situations

SDT 04.06 – by 2030 ensure that all youth and at least x% of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy

SDT 04.07 – by 2030 ensure all learners acquire knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including among others through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship, and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development

SDT 04.a – build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all

SDT 04.b –  by 2020 expand by x% globally the number of scholarships for developing countries in particular LDCs, SIDS and African countries to enrol in higher education, including vocational training, ICT, technical, engineering and scientific programmes in developed countries and other developing countries

SDT 04.c –  by 2030 increase by x% the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially LDCs and SIDS

5.           Gender equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

SDT 05.01 – end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere

SDT 05.02 – eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation

SDT 05.03 – eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilations

SDT 05.04 – recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies, and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate

SDT 05.05 – ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic, and public life

SDT 05.06 – ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the ICPD and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences

SDT 05.a – undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance, and natural resources in accordance with national laws

SDT 05.b – enhance the use of enabling technologies, in particular ICT, to promote women’s empowerment

SDT 05.c – adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

6.           Sustainable water (and sanitation)

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

SDT 06.01 –  by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all

SDT 06.02 – by 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations

SDT 06.03 – by 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater, and increasing recycling and safe reuse by x% globally

SDT 06.04 – by 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity, and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

SDT 06.05 – by 2030 implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate

SDT 06.06 – by 2020 protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

SDT 06.a –  by 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water and sanitation related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies

SDT 06.b – support and strengthen the participation of local communities for improving water and sanitation management

7.           Sustainable energy

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all

SDT 07.01 – by 2030 ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy services

SDT 07.02 –  increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030

SDT 07.03 – double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030

SDT 07.a – by 2030 enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technologies, including renewable energy, energy efficiency, and advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technologies

SDT 07.b –  by 2030 expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, particularly LDCs and SIDS

8.           Sustainable economic growth (full/deceent employment)

Promote sustained, inclusive & sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

SDT 08.01 – sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances, and in particular at least 7% per annum GDP growth in the least-developed countries

SDT 08.02 – achieve higher levels of productivity of economies through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high value added and labour-intensive sectors

SDT 08.03 – promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises including through access to financial services

SDT 08.04 – improve progressively through 2030 global resource efficiency in consumption and production, and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production with developed countries taking the lead

SDT 08.05 – by 2030 achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value

SDT 08.06 – by 2020 substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training

SDT 08.07 –  take immediate and effective measures to secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, eradicate forced labour, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms including recruitment and use of child soldiers

SDT 08.08 – protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments of all workers, including migrant workers, particularly women migrants, and those in precarious employment

SDT 08.09 – by 2030 devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism which creates jobs, promotes local culture and products

SDT 08.10 – strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and to expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all

SDT 08.a – increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, particularly LDCs, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for LDCs

SDT 08.b – by 2020 develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the ILO Global Jobs Pact

9.           Sustainable infrastructure/industrialization with innovation

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

SDT 09.01 – develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and trans-border infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all

SDT 09.02 – promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and by 2030 raise significantly industry’s share of employment and GDP in line with national circumstances, and double its share in LDCs

SDT 09.03 –  increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, particularly in developing countries, to financial services including affordable credit and their integration into value chains and markets

SDT 09.04 – by 2030 upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities

SDT 09.05 – enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, particularly developing countries, including by 2030 encouraging innovation and increasing the number of R&D worker

SDT 09.a – facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS

SDT 09.b – support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for inter alia industrial diversification and value addition to commodities

SDT 09.c – significantly increase access to ICT and strive to provide universal and affordable access to internet in LDCs by 2020

10.         Sustainable wealth gaps

Reduce inequality within and among countries

SDT 10.01 – by 2030 progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average

SDT 10.02 – by 2030 empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status

SDT 10.03 – ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including through eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and actions in this regard

SDT 10.04 – adopt policies especially fiscal, wage, and social protection policies and progressively achieve greater equality

SDT 10.05 – improve regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen implementation of such regulations

SDT 10.06 –  ensure enhanced representation and voice of developing countries in decision making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions

SDT 10.07 – facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies

SDT 10.a –  implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with WTO agreements

SDT 10.b – encourage ODA and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to states where the need is greatest, in particular LDCs, African countries, SIDS, and LLDCs, in accordance with their national plans and programmes

SDT 10.c – by 2030, reduce to less than 3% the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5%

11.         Sustainable cities

 Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

SDT 11.01 – by 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services, and upgrade slums

SDT 11.02 – by 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons

SDT 11.03 – by 2030 enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacities for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

SDT 11.04 –  strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage

SDT 11.05 – by 2030 significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of affected people and decrease by y% the economic losses relative to GDP caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with the focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations

SDT 11.06 – by 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality, municipal and other waste management

SDT 11.07 – by 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, particularly for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities

SDT 11.a –  support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning

SDT 11. b –  by 2020, increase by x% the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, develop and implement in line with the forthcoming Hyogo Framework holistic disaster risk management at all levels

SDT 11.c – support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, for sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

12.         Sustainable consumption and production

 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

SDT 12.01 –  implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on sustainable consumption and production (10YFP), all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

SDT 12.02 – by 2030 achieve sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

SDT 12.03 – by 2030 halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer level, and reduce food losses along production and supply chains including post-harvest losses

SDT 12.04 – by 2020 achieve environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle in accordance with agreed international frameworks and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment

SDT 12.05 –  by 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling, and reuse

SDT 12. 06 – encourage companies, especially large and trans-national companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

SDT 12. 07 – promote public procurement practices that are sustainable in accordance with national policies and priorities

SDT 12. 08 – by 2030 ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

SDT 12.a – support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacities to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

SDT 12.b – develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism which creates jobs, promotes local culture and products

SDT 12.c – rationalize inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

13.         Sustainable climate change

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

SDT 13.01 – strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate related hazards and natural disasters in all countries

SDT 13.02 –  integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies, and planning

SDT 13.03 – improve education, awareness raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction, and early warning

SDT 13.a – implement the commitment undertaken by developed country Parties to the UNFCCC to a goal of mobilizing jointly USD100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible

SDT 13.b –  Promote mechanisms for raising capacities for effective climate change related planning and management, in LDCs, including focusing on women, youth, local and marginalized communities

14.         Sustainable oceans/seas/marine resources

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

SDT 14.01 – by 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, particularly from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution

SDT 14.02 – by 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration, to achieve healthy and productive oceans

SDT 14.03 – minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

SDT 14.04 – by 2020, effectively regulate harvesting, and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics

SDT 14.05 – by 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on best available scientific information

SDT 14.06 – by 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and eliminate subsidies that contribute to IUU fishing, and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the WTO fisheries subsidies negotiation

SDT 14.07 – by 2030 increase the economic benefits to SIDS and LDCs from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

SDT 14.a – increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacities and transfer marine technology taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular SIDS and LDCs

SDT 14.b – provide access of small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

SDT 14.c – ensure the full implementation of international law, as reflected in UNCLOS for states parties to it, including, where applicable, existing regional and international regimes for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by their parties

15.         Sustainable terrestrial ecosystems and forests

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

SDT 15.01 – by 2020 ensure conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

SDT 15.02 – by 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests, and increase afforestation and reforestation by x% globally

SDT 15.03 – by 2020, combat desertification, and restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land-degradation neutral world

SDT 15.04 – by 2030 ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, to enhance their capacity to provide benefits which are essential for sustainable development

SDT 15.05 –  take urgent and significant action to reduce degradation of natural habitat, halt the loss of biodiversity, and by 2020 protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

SDT 15.06 – ensure fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, and promote appropriate access to genetic resources

SDT 15.07 – take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna, and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

SDT 15.08 – by 2020 introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems, and control or eradicate the priority species

SDT 15.09 – by 2020, integrate ecosystems and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes and poverty reduction strategies, and accounts

SDT 15.a – mobilize and significantly increase from all sources financial resources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems

SDT 15.b – mobilize significantly resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management, and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance sustainable forest management, including for conservation and reforestation

SDT 15.c – enhance global support to efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

16.         Sustainable peace and justice

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

SDT 16.01 –  significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere

SDT 16.02 – end abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence and torture against children

SDT 16.03 – promote the rule of law at the national and international levels, and ensure equal access to justice for all

SDT 16.04 – by 2030 significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen recovery and return of stolen assets, and combat all forms of organized crime

SDT 16.05 –  substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all its forms

SDT 16.06 – develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels

SDT 16.07 –  ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

SDT 16.08 – broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance

SDT 16.09 – by 2030 provide legal identity for all including birth registration

SDT 16.10 – ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements

SDT 16.a –  strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacities at all levels, in particular in developing countries, for preventing violence and combating terrorism and crime

SDT 16.b – promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

17.         Sustainable implementation and revitalization of global partnerships (Collaboration and cooperation rather than competition and control)

 Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

SDT 17.01 – strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection

SDT 17.02 – developed countries to implement fully their ODA commitments, including to provide 0.7% of GNI in ODA to developing countries of which 0.15-0.20% to least-developed countries

SDT 17.03 – mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources

SDT 17.04 – assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries (HIPC) to reduce debt distress

SDT 17.05 – adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for LDCs

SDT 17.06 –  enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation, and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, particularly at UN level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism when agreed

SDT 17.07 – promote development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed

SDT 17.08 –  fully operationalize the Technology Bank and STI (Science, Technology and Innovation) capacity building mechanism for LDCs by 2017, and enhance the use of enabling technologies in particular ICT

SDT 17.09 – enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South, and triangular cooperation

SDT 17.10 –  promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the WTO including through the conclusion of negotiations within its Doha Development Agenda

SDT 17.11 –  increase significantly the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the LDC share of global exports by 2020

SDT 17.12 –  realize timely implementation of duty-free, quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries consistent with WTO decisions, including through ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from LDCs are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access

SDT 17.13 –  enhance global macroeconomic stability including through policy coordination and policy coherence

SDT 17.14 – enhance policy coherence for sustainable development

SDT 17.15 – respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development

SDT 17.16 – enhance the global partnership for sustainable development complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technologies and financial resources to support the achievement of sustainable development goals in all countries, particularly developing countries

SDT 17.17 – encourage and promote effective public, public-private, and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships

SDT 17.18 – by 2020, enhance capacity building support to developing countries, including for LDCs and SIDS, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts

SDT 17.19 – by 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement GDP, and support statistical capacity building in developing countries

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